Carvings and pillars
The animal carvings found at Gobekli Tepe are, in general, carved in a naturalistic style with no sign of stylisation. Some of the most impressive examples are of lions, foxes and vultures. The animals can be seen either as individuals or in groups - they appear to have been hunting or looking for food. A number of the pillars have geometric patterns carved into them which make them look like mosaics. These patterns have been interpreted as star maps by some archaeologists but this is not certain because it has not yet been discovered how these people used their knowledge gained from observing the stars; whether they were used for navigation purposes or simply for social gatherings etc. Archaeologists also believe that some of these pillars may represent constellations since there are several images which resemble constellations such as Orion's Belt (Orion), Ursa Major (Great Bear), Draco (Dragon), Scorpio (Scorpion) and Taurus (Bull).
World’s First Astronomical Observatory
The site is believed to be the oldest example of monumental architecture, dating back to around 10,000 BC. It was built by hunter-gatherers who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery.
The T-shaped pillars are believed to be linked to the constellation of Orion, with each arm pointing towards a star in the sky at specific times throughout the year.
Hunter-Gatherers, Architect ?
One of the most important factors to consider is whether or not Hunter-Gatherers were capable of building this temple. The answer is no. In order to build such a structure, you need a large amount of planning and organization which Hunter-Gatherers did not have. They could not have used complex tools for their work as these were not known at that time. It would have taken an enormous amount of time to complete one single stone block on this site and they had no way of keeping track of the progress made each day due to their lack in written language skills or calendars required for recording such information.
An immense mystery
Whether you're planning a trip to Gobekli tepe or not, there's a lot to learn about this mysterious site. Although it might be the biggest enigma in archaeology right now, there are still some things that we know and other things we don't. Here are some facts about Gobekli tepe that will give you an idea of what it is and how we investigate it and solve its mysteries.
What We Know:
The site was built around 9600 BCE by hunter-gatherers who lived in Eastern Turkey during the Younger Dryas period. It is one of the oldest known examples of monumental architecture ever found (that means buildings with special religious significance).
We don't know exactly who built it or why they did so but archaeologists have several theories about both questions—for example, maybe these people wanted to honor their gods with stone structures like pyramids because those were already common among neighboring civilizations at that time?