Det hellige fjellet

Ararat 3D version 2.gif

Going back in time we observe many striking parallels between the ancient Sumerian tales and Armenian folklore of mount Ararat. One such parallel can be drawn regarding the names of the twin peaks of mount Ararat. In the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh (18th century BC.) the twin peaked mountain where Ut-napištim (companion of Noah) lives is called Mt. “Mashu”. Interestingly enough the names of the largest peaks of Mt. Ararat in Armenian is called “Masis”.

Similarly the Sumerian Deity of the Sun “Shamash” (according to myth) also lived between the twin peaked mountain Mashu where Ut-napištim lives, near the “headwaters of the two rivers”. Mount Ararat is also near headwaters of two rivers; Euphrates and Tigris. Just like the Sumerian tale of Shamash residing at mount Ararat, the ancient Armenian tales speak of Ararat as the residence of Deities. On ancient Sumerian clay tablets and seals Shamash (solar Deity) is depicted rising from the twin peaks of Ararat.

The accounts of a great flood and survivors with different types of animals landing on the mountains of Armenia are one of worlds oldest surviving tales. Strengthened by accounts of residence of Deities at mount Ararat (Mashu – Masis) one can safely conclude that from the times immemorial (predating even Biblical accounts) mountains in Armenian Highlands have been highly regarded as secret sites by the ancients. To this very day Armenians venerate their mountains in particular mount Ararat with it’s marvellous twin peaks.

Mount Meru, also called Sumeru (Sanskrit) or Sineru (Pāli) or Kangrinboqe to which is added the approbatory prefix su-, resulting in the meaning “excellent Meru” or “wonderful Meru” and Mahameru i.e. “Great Meru” is a sacred mountain in Hindu, Jain as well as Buddhist cosmology and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.

Mount Meru is a cosmic mountain which is described to be one of the highest points on Earth and is the center of all creation. In the Hindu religion, it is believed that Meru is home to the god Brahma, who is believed to be the father of the human race and all the demigods produced afterward. Indian cosmology believes that the sun, moon, and stars all revolve around Mount Meru. Folklore suggests the mountain rose up from the ground piercing the heavens giving it the moniker “navel of the universe”.

Many famous Hindu and similar Jain as well as Buddhist temples have been built as symbolic representations of this mountain. The highest point (the finial bud) on the pyatthat, a Burmese-style multi-tiered roof, represents Mount Meru.

According to the Torah, and consequently the Old Testament of the Bible, Mount Sinai is the location that Moses received the Ten Commandments directly from God. The tablets form the covenant, which is a central cornerstone of Jewish faith. Saint Catherine’s Monastery is located at the foot of Sinai. It was founded by empress Helena, who was the mother of the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine. It was completed under the rule of Justinian two centuries later. The monastery was visited by the prophet Muhammed, who blessed it and promised “that it would be cherished by Muslims for all time”.

Today, the monastery is home to a group of Greek Orthodox monks, as well as a large collection of Byzantine art, illuminated manuscripts, icons, and books; the collection of icons in particular has been proclaimed one of the oldest in the world.

1. Depiction of the god Shamash/Utu (2100 BC) as he rises from Mt. Mashu to bring the golden dawn. He wears the horned crown of divinity and holds a pruning saw in his hand, as the rays of the sun emanate from his shoulder.

2. A famous cylinder seal depicting Utu/Shamash rising from Mt. Mashu (lower center holding a saw in his left hand), standing above him to the left is the winged Inana/Ishtar, to the right is Ea/Enki/Haya (the water and fish flows from his shoulders) and to the far right his two faced minister god Usmu.

3. Notice that the written language symbols for “Shamash” in Cuneiform and Egyptian show a god living between two mountain peaks.

4,5,6. Mountain Ararat view from lake Sevan and capital city of Armenia – Yerevan.

To read the rest including sources visit: Noah´s ark in the Mountains of Armenia

Sacred mountains

Mount Ararat

Mount Meru

Utnapashtim (dialect)/Utnapashtum (literature) is ” The Wortship of eight/8″ in Armenian language.

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