British schools made Sanskrit compulsory


Leon Maclaren, who was trained as a barrister but was in essence a philosopher, founded the St. James independent schools in 1975. Education at the schools he established caters for the intellectual, physical, emotional and spiritual needs of children, and the curriculum is wide-ranging, including science, mathematics, languages, music and fine art. And at its junior school, students must learn Sanskrit as a second language for six years. The school’s meals also are fully vegetarian.

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Although it draws on some Indian traditions, the school is also roped in the Christian ethos. School supports the Christian tradition of the nation, but seeks to discover and teach the unifying principles common to all great faiths of the world. Maclaren was influenced by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and his technique of Transcen-dental Meditation. He also drew upon the teachings of the Shantananda Saraswati, the Shankarachrya of the North. As a result, many philosophy courses of the school began centering  on Advaita Vedanta.

Maclaren also founded the school of Economic Science more than half a century ago. The school offers courses in philosophy and economics to adults. American authority on civilization Dr. Will  Durant wrote that Sanskrit is  the mother   of modern languages. San-skrit helps students in their overall cognitive development. Paul Moss, says: “Sanskrit is the mother of most Indo-European languages.”


Sanskrit is the culmination of millennia of endeavor to refine speech and thought so that the human race can aspire to the heights of civilization and fathom the depths of philosophical profundity. It is the pinnacle of achievement of people of enormous intellect. A line of scholars consciously refined the language. Panini was at the end of this line. Panini mentions in  his “Ashtadhyayi” 64 grammarians before him. Hanuman is considered the ninth grammarian. All these grammarians have perfected Sanskrit.  That  is the main difference between Sanskrit and modern languages and even other  classical  languages.

Sanskrit, thus, is an Indo-European heritage, and students from seemingly diverse backgrounds are united as they realize that the different modern languages that they speak are intimately related. Of perhaps even great significance than all the benefits is the opportunity to imbibe deeply the universal ideas that have been enunciated by great poets of antiquity. Sanskrit is a perfectly phonetic language, unlike English. In English, the spelling of words is not a consistent guide to their pronunciation, but in Sanskrit, once students learn the sounds, they are able to read words easily, and that gives them a lot of confidence. “It is one of our most popular subjects at the junior level” says Sanskrit teacher Jessup.

Some linguists of the old school of Max Muller still mention that an Indo-European language very similar to Sanskrit is the mother of languages. This theory is out now because they have never been able to find such a language.

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