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Armenia and Mitanni

(M)arya-nnu – Maria – is an ancient word for the caste of chariot-mounted hereditary warrior nobility which dominated many of the societies of the Middle East during the Bronze Age. The term is attested in the Amarna letters written by Haapi. Robert Drews writes that the name ‘maryannu’ although plural takes the singular ‘marya’, which in Sanskrit means young warrior, and attaches a Hurrian suffix.(Drews:p. 59) He suggests that at the beginning of the Late Bronze Age most would have spoken either Hurrian or Aryan but by the end of the 14th century most of the Levant maryannu had Semitic names.

The Armenians were called Hurrians from the Armenian word Hur/Hurri meaning Fire/Divine Spark and are mentioned by Assyrian and Armenic Sumerian sources dating from the end of the third millenium BC.

In Armenian the word Hurri/Hur is also a variant of Ar/Har/Hur linking Hurrian-Aryan-Armenian. We also know that these Armenian Hurri tribes come from the region of Lake Van in the Armenian Highland, and are referred to as Horrittes by the Bible.

Still, later in the ninth-seventh centuries N.C. the Armenian (Hurrian-Aryan-Armenian) people established the kingdom of Ararad in the Armenian Highlands. According to Dr. Johannes Lehman “The Hittites,”, All indications point toward the general region of Armenia as a main area of Hurrian concentration.

As Jacquetta Hawkes writes in “The First Great Civilizations”: “Yet the Hurrians did not disappear from history. Away to the North in their Armenian homeland, they entrenched themselves and build up the kingdom of Urartu.”

M. Chahin writes further in “The Kingdom of Armenia”: “The new kingdom of Urartu, which proved to be the stronghold of the Hurrian race.”

Mitanni

Hurrians

Hurrians

Aryan

Indo-Aryan

Graeco-Aryan (or Graeco-Armeno-Aryan)

Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni

The Hurrian and Mitanni Kingdoms of the Armenian Highlands

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