Armanism and Ariosophy are the names of ideological systems of an esoteric nature, pioneered by Guido von List and Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels respectively, in Austria between 1890 and 1930.
The term ‘Ariosophy’, meaning wisdom concerning the Aryans, was first coined by Lanz von Liebenfels in 1915 and became the label for his doctrine in the 1920s.
In historic research on the topic, such as Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke’s book The Occult Roots of Nazism, the term ‘Ariosophy’ is used generically to describe the Aryan-esoteric theories of a subset of the ‘Völkische Bewegung’.
This broader use of the word is retrospective and was not generally current among the esotericists themselves.” List actually called his doctrine ‘Armanism’, while Lanz used the terms ‘Theozoology’ and ‘Ario-Christianity’ before the First World War.
The ideas of Von List and Lanz von Liebenfels were part of a general occult revival in Austria and Germany of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, loosely inspired by historical Germanic paganism and holistic philosophy as well as esoteric concepts influenced by German romanticism and Theosophy.
The connection of this Germanic mysticism with historical Germanic culture, though tenuous, is evident in the mystics’ fascination with runes, in the form of Guido von List’s Armanen runes.
Ariosophy in its narrow sense was a Liturgic-free newthought-influenced movement without clearly delineated dogmatics, centered around the publications of Herbert Reichstein Verlag.
Arman is a variant and a derivative of the name Herman. Although originally a Germanic and an English given name, it can have different meanings and pronunciations depending on the location.
Its original meaning was “army man” and derives from the Germanic elements “Heri” meaning “army” combined with “Man” meaning “man” (compare archaic Dutch “heer”, meaning “army” and “man”). It is cognate with German “Hermann”.
In Persian, Arman (pronounced Armaan) is a boy’s name which can have different meaninig depending on the text or era of the language. Some of the meaningc can be : “nobel”, “trustworthy”, “honorable”, “ideal”, “wish”, “zeal”, “destination” or “aspiration”.
According to Armenians, it is derived from the Armenian words “ari” -“brave, aryan, noble” and Proto-Indo-European “man” – “man, human”. However, there are other interpretations known among Armenians as well. For example, it means Armenian man (Ar + man). Another interpretation is that Arman means “astonishment, surprise”.
In Kurdish, it is derived from Ar (meaning fire, Agir) and Man (meaning continuity/ lasting existence) giving the name Arman meaning of a Lasting Fire.
In the Kazakh language it means “dream”. In Turkish, its meaning differs according to sex. If the person is male it means “honorable person, trustable man”. However, the person is female it means “sacred dream”.
MANNAZ – The Rune of Humanity
Mannaz is the conventional name of the m-rune ᛗ of the Elder Futhark. It is derived from the reconstructed Common Germanic word for “man”, *mannaz. Younger Futhark ᛘ is maðr (“man”). It took up the shape of the algiz rune ᛉ, replacing Elder Futhark ᛗ. As its sound value and form in the Elder Futhark indicate, it is derived from the letter M (?) in the Old Italic alphabets, ultimately from the Greek letter Mu (μ). M as in man, humanity, and mankind. The self, inner being, soul. Manhood, or womanhood.