The ancient Egyptians were advanced in science, engineering, and medicine.
The ancient Egyptians built pyramids and temples that have stood the test of time. They were a civilization that lasted for thousands of years, from around 3300 BC to 30 BC. This was one of the most advanced civilizations in the world at this time.
The ancient Egyptians were advanced in many ways, including science, engineering, and medicine. They were skilled astronomers and mathematicians (even inventing a new kind of math called geometry), constructed complex ships with sails to cross the Nile River on, developed large-scale irrigation systems and farming techniques to help grow crops for people living in the desert, and were able to perform sophisticated medical surgeries similar to those we commonly do today like brain surgery.
The Egyptians' belief in an afterlife dominated their culture.
The people of ancient Egypt were obsessed with the afterlife. The pharaohs in particular believed that, after death, they would be required to pass a series of tests to prove their worthiness before accessing the afterlife. Each individual had to go through a process called mummification so their body could survive intact and journey into the afterlife.
In the afterlife, it was believed that everything you loved in life could be found again—food and drink, animals, friends and family members—all without pain or suffering. This was also a place where you would continue to serve your gods.
Mummification was expensive for the living and costly for the dead.
Mummification was never a widespread practice, and it was costly to both the living and the dead. Embalming materials were expensive, and mummification took 70 days to complete. The first cuts made in the process were from a skilled embalmer who removed the stomach, intestines, liver and lungs through an incision in the side of the body. They then scraped away any remaining flesh with an iron hook before cleaning it with palm wine and spices. The brain would be removed through the nose with a long hooked instrument; dry embalmers would discard this completely while wet embalmers would preserve it by covering it in natron salts. Finally, they would stuff any hollow organs with linen soaked in resin to replace their shape before returning them to the body cavity along with small amulets to protect them in their next life. Only after all this was finished did they begin wrapping each individual limb that had been separated from the body while they performed their work.
A pyramid was seen as a stairway to the heavens.
You've probably heard of the pyramids, but what about the other ancient Egyptian religious structures? Why were they built? What was the purpose behind their design?
To the Egyptians, a pyramid wasn't simply a tomb. It was a place where their dead pharaohs could begin their journey to become gods. The pyramids were built in order to protect and preserve these kings on their way to immortality. They knew that each pyramid had to be special, as it would be home to an immortal being. As well as this, it acted as a burial chamber for important items like food and jewelry. A great amount of care went into designing these pyramids so that they would last forever, which is why we know so much about them today!
The Pharaohs believed in afterlife and thought they'd need food with them when they entered through gates of death. In tombs at Giza (near Cairo), there was hieroglyphic writing on walls describing how important it was for pharaohs' bodies to go through mummification rituals before being placed inside coffins filled with spices such as cinnamon or myrrh resin from trees found throughout Egypt during Old Kingdom times (2686 BCE – 2181 BCE).
The pyramids at Giza are massive.
The pyramids at Giza are massive. The Great Pyramid of Khufu, for example, is one of the largest single-construction monuments ever built by humans. Its sheer size is difficult to convey; it covers a total area of 13 acres (5.3 hectares) and stands 481 feet (147 meters) tall.
Khufu's pyramid was constructed using 2.3 million stone blocks, most weighing between 2 and 70 tons each. At the time the pyramid was built, Khufu was thought to be the son of Ra, an Egyptian sun god—no doubt due in part to his monument's bright complexion. In addition to being polished smooth with white limestone casing stones, an unknown number of these casing stones were inscribed with delicate carvings depicting religious scenes from ancient Egypt and daily life at the time.
Temples grew from modest shrines to huge structures.
Before the age of pyramids, early Egyptians built simple shrines for local gods. As these temples grew in size and complexity, they became more elaborate and beautiful. The temple of Amon Re at Karnak, on the east bank of the Nile River, was a vast complex with an enormous stone wall that enclosed a thousand pillars. At Abu Simbel, located far to the south near the border between Egypt and Sudan, Ramses II carved a small mountain into two massive temples where he could worship himself alongside his family members.
Temples were surrounded by fields of crops and livestock.
Temples were built near the center of major population centers, and were surrounded by fields of crops and livestock. Farmers would pay their taxes to the king's appointed official at the temple in the form of goods (such as food).
The temples also served as banks for storing these goods, and for storing grain during difficult times such as droughts. The temples themselves used some of this stored grain to feed those who lived and worked at the temple.
In fact, in later times, Egypt became so prosperous that most farmers owned their own farmland instead of working on communal lands that belonged to a nobleman or other member of royalty.
Art was a combination of religious and political propaganda.
The art of Ancient Egypt was created to glorify the pharaohs and gods. Artists used carved stone or paint on walls or papyrus to create images of pharaohs, gods, and animals.
Ancient Egyptian art can be found in tombs and temples. The pyramids are tombs built for the pharaohs that ruled over Ancient Egypt. Temples were built as houses for the gods they worshipped by building ornate statues to honor them inside the temples.
The purpose of the art was to glorify the pharaohs, who were seen as living gods on earth, and to make sure that their lives continued after death. The art also served a political purpose in that it supported a central ruler or authority with an elaborate ideology about what life should be like in society.
Math, science, art, and agriculture were all part of ancient Egyptian civilization
Had a very advanced understanding of math and science
Used math to build the pyramids and temples
They used science to mummify their dead
Had a very advance understanding of art
Used art to decorate the pyramids and temples
Had a very advance understanding of agriculture
Used agriculture to feed them