Amaru Muru and Midas Monument

Amaru Muru , known as the stellar door or “Hayu Marca” which means the city of spirits a sacred mystical and enigmatic place, is an abandoned stone place in Peru, near Lake Titicaca, known as a “Gate of the Gods”.

It is a huge, mysterious, door like structure located in the mountainous Hayu Marca of southern Peru near Titicaca Lake, revered as the City of the Gods. On the main front it has laterals in the form of columns that were apparently Formed by crystals as energy stabilizers.

It remained after Incan civilization. The doorway itself looks like a big T letter, carved into the rock wall. An adult person could fit into the doorway. The place is a popular tourist destination for paranormal pilgrimage.

There are two places, paramount from the historical point of view, bearing the same name – Yazılıkaya («inscribed rock») – in the area of Turkey. The monument, which is described here, also has two other names – Midas Kenti (Midas City) and Midas Anıtı (Midas Monument), that distinguish it from the Hittite sanctuary of Yazılıkaya, located in the vicinity of Hattusa, in central Anatolia.

Phrygian Yazılıkaya is located in the area of the Phrygian Valley, in Eskişehir Province, on a plateau that also bears the name Yazılıkaya, at an altitude of over 1,300 meters above sea level. The site dominates the plain, rising about 70 meters above the surrounding terrain. It covers an area ​​650 meters long, and 320 meters wide.

The earliest traces of human settlement discovered near Yazılıkaya originate from the early Bronze Age. However, there is no evidence of the continuity of the settlement, and the most important monuments of Yazılıkaya are dated to the period from the 8th to the 6th century BC.

At that time Yazilikaya was the second most important place of the development of Phrygian civilization, besides their capital city – Gordion. It was guarded by four fortresses standing on the nearby hills – Akpara, Pişmiş, Gökgöz, and Kocabaş. Their ruins are still visible.

It remains unknown when the Phrygians left the area of Yazılıkaya. Structures and inscriptions found nearby indicate to an occupation of these areas in the later periods of history – in Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times.

The most important and the most spectacular structure in Yazılıkaya is called the Midas Monument. It is a beautifully decorated façade, carved into the vertical rock, dating back to the 7th or the 6th century BC.

Its appearance resembles an entrance to a temple, but actually only a very shallow niche is carved into the rock. Most probably it used to house a statue of the Anatolian mother goddess Cybele (Phrygian: Matar Kubileya/Kubeleya “Kubileya/Kubeleya Mother”, perhaps “Mountain Mother”).

She may have a possible forerunner in the earliest neolithic at Çatalhöyük in Anatolia where statues of plump women, sometimes sitting, have been found in excavations dated to the 6th millennium BC and identified by some as a mother goddess.

She is Phrygia’s only known goddess, and was probably its national deity. In Greece, Cybele is associated with mountains, town and city walls, fertile nature, and wild animals, especially lions.

In Greece, Cybele met with a mixed reception. She was partially assimilated to aspects of the Earth-goddess Gaia, her possibly Minoan equivalent Rhea, and the harvest–mother goddess Demeter.

Rhea is a character in Greek mythology, the Titaness daughter of the earth goddess Gaia and the sky god Uranus, Gaia’s son. She is also the older sister and wife of Cronus. The Romans identified her with Magna Mater (their form of Cybele), and the Goddess Ops.

In early traditions, she is known as “the mother of gods” and therefore is strongly associated with Gaia and Cybele, who have similar functions. The classical Greeks saw her as the mother of the Olympian gods and goddesses, but not as an Olympian goddess in her own right.

1 view0 comments